Three Causes Of Gum Bleeding

One of the most common dental emergencies is bleeding gums. When the gingiva bleeds, just like when a tooth hurts or is broken, is a problem that cannot be ignored, as it is constant and threatening. But how much is too much, and what constitutes an emergency?

Recognizing a gum bleeding emergency

Obviously, a little pink in the sink does not constitute an emergency. But how much bleeding is too much? Well, for one thing, there is color to think about. If there is blood in your sputum, you should go and see a dentist, but there is no reason to pay the emergency fees that go along with booking an emergency appointment at most dental clinics. Blood in your spit is definitely sign of a problem, but unless it is red, fresh blood, and unless you are in pain or can feel teeth moving, or are losing a considerable amount of blood (like with an open sore or trauma to the teeth), you do not need an emergency appointment, but should call your regular dentist for an appointment as soon as possible. 

The three brothers

Here are the three most common causes of bleeding gingival tissues:

1) Trauma

Often enough, when you get into an accident, a scuffle, or any situation in which trauma occurs to the mouth, you will experience bleeding. As the gums have capillaries all through them, but no skin layer or any epidermal layer at all, they are particularly prone to bleeding and for intracapillary action. So even a tiny scrape can cause bleeding to occur. If a tooth is dislodged, the bleeding can last for hours at a time, and can recur. 

You need to go to the emergency dentist if anything is displaced, dislodged or not where it was previously. If you feel any sharp pain or throbbing at the site of the injury, this also warrants a trip to the emergency dentist as soon as possible. If the gums are just scraped, and are bleeding but the teeth and the gingiva are intact, it is enough to rinse thoroughly with mouthwash and to disinfect the area, and then keep an eye on the area for any swelling, discoloration or other signs of infection. Scars in the mouth are particularly prone to infection, as the come into contact with bacteria more often.

2) Periodontitis, gingivitis

Some bacterial infections cause the gums to swell up, to bleed and in general to misbehave. These infections are insidious, as they start small and gradually over time,sometimes over years, become very widespread. If you notice shrinkage, recession, swelling, frequent bleeding in the same spot(s), or discoloration of your gingiva, you probably have a case of gingivitis. This disease can make you lose all of your teeth, and is no joke. It can easily be cured with a course of antibiotics.

3) Brushing too hard

Medically speaking this is the same as trauma, but from the patients point of view it is completely different. Many people brush their teeth way too hard, and as a result scrape away their enamel, and end up hurting their teeth. If you have no symptoms but have blood in your spit every time you brush, it is likely you are brushing way too hard, and need to ease your grip. 

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