Gum Disease

One of the major causes of emergencies is gum disease, being either gingivitis or the more advanced periodontitis. Gum disease in and of itself is usually painless, but it causes all sorts of complications and makes existing problems worse. For instance, if your gums are healthy, and you suffer a trauma, or a crack in your enamel, you can forego an infection and intense pain, but if your gums are infected with bacteria, it is almost sure to attack whatever cut or minor damage exists, and make it a whole lot worse immediately. 


The important thing is to recognize the signs of gum disease before it causes you to have a dental emergency. By seeing the signs early, you can go and get a dental appointment before things start to turn ugly. 

One of the definitive signs is swelling of the gums, which frequently, but not necessarily is coupled with bleeding gums. Swollen tissues allow for a lot of extra capillary action, and are a sign of an intense immune reaction in the gums, which usually means that there is a bacterial infection present. Bleeding while brushing or eating is also a sign of something being wrong, although bleeding gums are not always indicative of gum disease, but it definitely is cause for an emergency appointment, and you need to go and see a dentist as soon as possible. 

Discoloration of the gums is also a sign that the blood flow is either too abundant, or somehow obstructed. This means that there is some kind of problem in the gingiva, and it needs to be seen by a dentist, most likely a bacterial infection is to blame. Overly bright red patches, especially if accompanied by swelling and or tenderness are a pretty good indication that a bacterial infection is present, but gums that are greyish or purplish in color are also a sign of gum disease, or of necrosis of the gingiva, which is a terrible situation, and needs to be seen by a dentist immediately.  

Recession of the gums is also a problem that can be cause by bacteria around the teeth. The gums are basically an organ, and they recede in an attempt to shrink away from danger, like bacteria and harmful chemicals. 

Soreness, tightness, pain in the gums is always a sign of something wrong, and this will almost always be a bacterial infection. It requires immediate medical attention. These symptoms are usually coupled with foul breath, even after brushing and a bad taste in the mouth. 

Weakened gingiva

Leaving a bacterial infection to ravage your gingiva is a bad idea, as this can have terrible consequences. First and foremost, there will be a bacterial infection in your gums, this is gross, smells bad, causes bleeding, and is in general very negative. But that is just the tip of the iceberg.

Negative health effects of gum disease are that it contributes to tooth loss, because the teeth will become unanchored from the gum disease, as the gums weaken and can no longer fulfill their function. The gums are also responsible for fighting bacteria, and they won’t be able to do that either, in their weakened state, which means more infections, more cavities, and more tooth loss. The infection will eventually attack the jawbone as well, and this is when life saving surgeries need to be performed.

The other negative effect is that the bacteria that are in your gums and teeth don’t just stay there, they travel through the bloodstream and when you swallow, going all around your body and causing all kinds of havoc and chaos in all of your organs. And while your immune system is busy fighting off a constant bacterial onslaught from your mouth, it may not have enough energy and white blood cells left to tackle more serious enemies, causing you to get sick all the time with minor things like the common cold all the time, and you may even catch a serious bacterial infection as well. 

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