Signs of an infection

Many people only go to the dentist when there is an emergency already in the works. This is bad policy, asd waiting for so long will cost your more money, make you incur dental treatments that are more unpleasant, not to mention the fact that the conditions that warrant an emergency appointment usually are in and of themselves incredibly unpleasant. There are tell tale signs that some kind of catastrophe is about to happen way before the pain hits. Here are some pain free signs that you are in need of an emergency dental appointment because your tooth or gums are infected.

Swelling, bleeding, discoloration

The holy trinity of oral infections are swelling, bleeding and discoloration. Usually all three of these symptoms will be present, or they can be present in any combination, with one or more of the triumvirate missing. The swelling implies that there is a bacterial colony that the body is fighting against. Swelling is an immune response, and immune responses happen because of specific triggers. These triggers are usually the presence of a pathogen or foreign object. If there are no foreign objects lodged in the swollen area, you can be sure that some kind of pathogen is present, and in the oral cavity, you can be almost entirely sure that ti is none other than the bacteria that cause cavities and periodontitis.

Bleeding frequently accompanies swelling, as swollen tissues have increased extra capillary action. But bleeding in an area that has suffered no trauma is definitely indicative of bacteria attacking soft tissues, or of lesions being present in the mouth. Discoloration is usually due to bleeding that is contained underneath the skin, but discoloration can also be due to the area thinning out or thickening, which is always sign of an infection. The blood flow may be increased to the area as a result of an immune response, or the capillaries may be blocked with bacterial cultures, and this will cause discoloration. 

Tell tale teeth

Some teeth are more likely to have an infection on them, and even very slight protrusions, bumps, swelling, discoloration or bleeding is a bad sign. Teeth that have been root canaled, or have fillings on them that start to have a ring around them, or start to have swelling around them or discoloration are highly suspect and warrant a visit to your local dentist. Teeth that are broken or have cavities on them will eventually give way to an infection, so any swelling, discoloration or bleeding from these teeth is also highly suspect. Teeth that frequently have plaque on them, or that frequently come into contact with food when biting into it are also on the list of suspicious teeth.