Inflammation Of The Gums During Pregnancy

There are many old wives tales about health conditions and changing health during pregnancy. Some of these are to be taken seriously, while others need to be taken with a grain of salt, but one of the scariest if least harmful ones that is actually based in scientific fact is the one of bleeding gums. The public has long attached all sorts of unfactual information to bleeding gums: it is the sign of a problem with the foetus, or conversely it is the sign of the foetus being strong. Some people claim that it is a sign of the baby’s gender, although both sexes have been mentioned as causing gums to bleed. Here is what they actually mean.

The gums during pregnancy

During pregnancy the body does change, and this is the fertile soil from which all nonsensical and anecdotal rumours spring. The gums and other blood vessels also change. The blood supply becomes larger, meaning there is more blood in the body, but there are surprisingly not that many more blood vessels to carry the blood, as during the early stages of pregnancy the mother’s heart circulates all of the blood. This will cause saturation making the gums more prone to bleeding, but bleeding gums are almost always a sign of something else entirely.

The immune system during pregnancy

While expecting, the mother’s immune system is compromised. Carrying an infant to full term exhausts the resources of the human body as anyone who has ever been pregnant will tell you. The immune system does not have the capacity to fight all of the battles for it, and sometimes the bacteria in your mouth can proliferate as it is not being cut back enough, causing inflammation of the gums. This can cause bleeding, but can also just cause puffy gums or just the opposite, receding gums as well.

What to do

If you are experiencing trouble with your gums while you are pregnant, you should get a dentist appointment. Make sure to mention the fact that you are pregnant. Signs of inflammation can be the above mentioned puffy gums, bleeding gums, your gums may also feel moiré brittle, become more sensitive or entirely dull. If any of these symptoms persist for more than a few days, you should book an appointment. Currently, dentists agree that you should see a dentist 3 times during your pregnancy.

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