Nerve Inflammation

Nerves can become inflamed, but more often that, the area around nerves can become inflamed and cause pain. Periodontitis, or inflammation of the periodontium, is most likely the cause of nerve pain in the mouth. Although painless initially, periodontitis almost never stays that way. Here is how periodontitis attacks your nerves and causes inflammation. 

Compressed nerves

When the soft tissues in your mouth, called the gingiva (otherwise known as the gums) become inflamed, they tend to swell up from the pus that comes along that is caused by white blood cells fighting the bacteria. This inflammation and swelling means that the actual tissue is being stretched out, and by doing so, the other structures that are inside become compressed and they may touch each other. In the case of nerves, they do not like to be compressed, and when they are compressed, they start to become inflamed, and in turn make your life hell. A constant, ever sharpening pain is the result of this infection, although the pain just starts as a dull throbbing sort of pain, and gets sharper over time. 

Nerve attacking bacteria

Depending on the type of bacterial inflammation, the nerves themselves can become infected with bacteria. Some bacteria have absolutely no problem living on, in and near nerve tissue, and are more than happy to attack the nerves and the nervous system in an attempt to proliferate. The bacteria present during periodontitis are usually not such bacteria, but they do make acidic by products that damage nerve tissue, and will cause immense pain.

Inflamed nerves

When the nerve itself becomes inflamed, you will have a set of very particular symptoms. The pain will be sharp and burning, and sensitivity will be long gone by this point. The burning sensation will intensify until it can no longer be borne at all. This pain will only intensify for so long, and will subside, but when it does, all feeling in that part of your mouth may go with it; the bacteria actually destroy the nerve, and when a part of the nerve dies, it can never be nursed back to health. There is no way of repairing destroyed neurons, and no way to repair nerve damage either, although there are ways to stimulate the growth of new neurons and of making new neural pathways.

If you think your nerves may be infected or inflamed, and not just the tissue around them, get help immediately! Even if you are not feeling unbearable pain right this moment, you will soon, and it can get quite debilitating. An obvious infection or swelling of the gums always warrants a trip to the dentist as soon as humanly possible, and you should do everything in your power to prevent the nerves from becoming infected.

The dentist will most likely prescribe antibiotics for you, and you can take those and the infection will subside, however, like I mentioned above, some of the effects of having withstood such an infection may be irreversible, and if your nerve becomes damaged, you may lose teeth due to the fact that they will no longer be connected to your nervous system.