Swollen Gums Causing Pain

In dental situations, pain is usually felt when something hits the nerves. There can be extremely bad conditions that cause no pain whatsoever, but when the problem starts to bear down on the nerve, patients will feel it. There are basically three types of situations in which pain can be caused to the nerve; the layers between the nerve and the outside world can become smaller, causing the nerve to be exposed, which will cause pain. The second is when a trauma to the mouth damages the nerve. The third is when there is something pressing down on the nerve, and this is the one I want to talk about in this article. 

The Nerve

The nerve inside your mouth below your gums is a nerve that is connected directly to the brain, and thus the pain it feels is more severe and translates quickly into felt pain. The nerve reacts when it is being pressed on or when anything touches it. It is encased in a fiber casing, and when anything touches this casing, pain will be felt. Constant pain can be felt if there is something pushing down on the nerve, like a piece of food or a nut (or just the shell....ouch!), or if the nerve is exposed due to gum recession, or if it is constantly being pressed on by swollen gingival tissue. 

Swollen Gums

The reason that pain is felt from gum disease is because your gums swell up, pressing down on the nerve. The nerve will be caught in a tight spot, as the tissues swell up, and press down on the nerve from every side, literally encasing and crushing the nerve. This is why you can feel like your teeth are tingling, or you can feel pain in certain very random places, as the gums may press down on a certain specific place as well. This may cause sharp pains when moving, such as when you turn your head or do a specific motion, or a constant throbbing as well. 


The way to rid yourself of this pain is to take antibiotics and fight the infection that is causing your gums to swell. You should go and see a dentist immediately, as a complex mixture of antibiotics and anti-swelling agents may be needed, and it is well possible that oral surgical procedures need to be performed as well. You should go and see a dentist if you see that your gums are becoming swollen or puffy, as this is a sign that something is seriously wrong.