Cracks On The Tooth

Unsightly, irritating and potentially extremely painful-these are the things that sum up the properties of cracks on your teeth. Teeth can crack as a result of trauma, sudden temperature change or because of an on going infection in the tooth pulp or the dentine. These cracks should be looked at as soon as they appear, as they constitute a potential threat; they expose the dentin, and if the dentine is exposed for too long, then dentine hypersensitivity will ensue, or the tooth pulp will start to die, and both instances will eventually result in massive toothache. 

Where And How

It is very important to find out how deep the crack really is. Usually, a crack on your tooth will “just” affect the enamel on your teeth, and will not touch the deeper tooth structures. Some cracks, usually the ones resulting from traumas can be deeper, and can even show up on both sides of the tooth, going all the way through the teeth. These cracks will usually cause pieces of the tooth to break off, and are much darker in appearance, because of the depth that they have. 

The reason that cracks in your teeth become painful is not necessarily due to an increase in size or depth, however. Even a minor crack in the enamel, as long as it runs the depth of the enamel (which is not that deep, believe me) will eventually start to cause you pain. The reason is because the outer layer of the tooth with its enamel made mostly of calcium serves as a protective outer shell against bacteria, pressure, wind and temperature. Once this shell cracks, the inner layers are exposed. The inner layers and the nerve are insulated by dentine, this dentine itself serves as a buffer between outside forces (the aforementioned bacteria, pressure, wind and temperature) and the tooth pulp, which has nerve endings directly in it. When the dentine becomes exposed, it starts to dry out and become worn,a s it is not meant to come into contact with the outside world. This is when things start to get painful, as now the nerve endings are reacting to outside stimulus, and the only way they know how to react is to send pain signals directly to your brain. 

How To Treat The Problem

When you see cracks appear in your teeth, don’t wait until the pain strikes. Go and see a dentist. Most likely, they will use a little bit of tooth filling material and cover the cracks, protecting the inner structures and making sure that the nerves do not start to go crazy and cause you pain. Prevention of the problem is just that simple, whereas the consequences of not treating ti can be quite severe. The problem is that most people do not consider the appearance of a small crack to be an emergency. Of course in the case of a trauma to the mouth, the situation is different, but let’s say that your tooth cracked because of a change in temperature, you may not even realize that your tooth enamel is cracked util days after the fact, as no pain is felt. Do not be deceived, you need to go to the dentist, not ASAP, but whenever you can make it.