Cyst Removal




One of the most frequently used oral surgical procedures is the removal of cysts and other growths from the oral cavity. This can be done via curettage or it can be completely excised from the soft tissues of the mouth. This article is going to be about the most common, if not entirely harmless growth that can occur, which is a cyst. Although painless and not immediately threatening, cysts do constitute an emergency situation, and you should book a regular appointment for a cyst removal and an x-ray as soon as possible. But let’s take it one step at a time, and find out what cysts are, why they form, and what can be done about them.

What is a cyst?

A cyst is a tiny growth of soft tissue that surrounds some kind of outside material. If outside material gets into the body and the body cannot integrate it, expellit or destroy it with antibodies, it grows a cyst around the material. This is a small bubble of flesh with liquid inside of it, and it serves to hold the material in place and not let it get into the bloodstream. Cysts can form around any and all kinds of materials, and there are pseudo-cysts as well, when an immune reaction creates these little bubbles, but there is nothing in them, and no offending materials either.

Cysts are particularly common in the oral cavity because this is a part of the body that comes into contact with foreign materials a lot, and because this is also a part of the body with an extremely high bacterial content. The cysts can form around bacterial colonies and plaque as well.

How to treat them

Cysts are generally unresponsive to medication, and oral cysts are even less responsive than others. This means that surgery is the most often used to cure oral cysts. The surgery is usually just a single appointment, and the surgery generally happens under local anaesthetic, while the patient is awake. Stitches rarely result from the surgery. but sometimes antibiotics are prescribed afterwards, depending on the cause of the cysts and difficulty of the surgery.

Why we need to remove them

Cysts do not hurt, do not produce infectious material, and do not get in the way. Their only problem is that they keep growing, and as such press down on the dental nerve, which will cause pain eventually If they did not have the propensity for expansion, they would not need to be removed, only for aesthetic reasons. As it stands, cysts should be removed as soon as they form, or as soon as they are spotted, even if they are not painful or bothersome in any way, as otherwise they can cause a great deal of pain later on. 

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